13 May ARTIFICIAL PLANT LIGHTING
Plants carry out photosynthesis to produce the nutrients they need. The basic components of photosynthesis, which can be defined simply as the process of converting light energy into chemical energy, are chlorophyll cells, carbon dioxide, water and sunlight. There are several factors to consider when selecting LED modules for artificial plant lighting and when designing lighting.
Sunlight has the energy of light at the wavelengths required for the growth, flowering and fruiting of all plants. This is the main reason for efficient crops in open agricultural land without using any artificial light source. Like open agricultural lands in traditional greenhouses, an artificial light source is not used for plant artificial plant illumination, all the light required for the plant is provided by the sun.
Artificial lighting replaces sunlight should be used to grow plants in enclosed and non-sunlit or partially receiving environments. Although there are different types of lighting used for this purpose, LED lighting is widely used due to its high energy efficiency and low installation and operation costs.
- Wavelength of light used: Depending on the plant species and whether the plant is green-leafed, flowered or fruiting, LED modules with different wavelengths of light should be used.
- Daily enlightenment period: The daily enlightenment requirement of different plant species will be different. If more than one plant is grown in the same environment, it is the general approach to base the plant with the highest illumination requirement, but the optimum scenario is to determine and apply the appropriate illumination time for each plant species.
- Light intensity: The light intensity must be fixed or fixed on the server by determining the light intensity appropriate to the plant species. Control over the server is particularly important in environments with partial solar energy.
- Position and quantity of LED modules: Single-tire, wide-spread greenhouse systems and multi-tire systems need to illuminate, the LED module to be used and the vertical positioning may vary. However, the right lighting project and LED module selection can lead to the right result.
ForFarming artificial plant intelligent lighting modules; It is designed to have different light wavelength, light intensity and daily illumination duration which can be customized according to plant type and controlled via server through automation system. They are assembled in our country by using LED modules produced by companies with German and Dutch origin, advanced R & D and production technology. The modules are designed using as few drives as possible and controlled via the multiple addressing infrastructure of the ForFarming automation system. ForFarming R & D laboratory tests are carried out to determine the lighting requirements and appropriate LED modules required for different plant species, as well as consultancy and testing services from an R & D laboratory of a supplier in the Netherlands.