12 Aug CITY AGRICULTURE
Farmland used to produce vegetables, fruits and flowers by traditional farming methods is mostly located in rural areas far from the city center. This is similar in all major cities. The unit cost of the land located in or near the city centers is high, there is not a single piece of agricultural land that can produce large amounts of land, all the land has been opened to zoning because of the low income from agriculture, the land is surrounded by high-rise buildings because of the appropriate and sufficient sun lack of access to light is one of the main reasons for this situation. There is an intense contradiction between the lack of traditional agriculture in city centers and the demand for large quantities of agricultural products in the same city centers. The amount of vegetables and fruits required for the consumption of the people living in the city are produced on remote agricultural land and sent to big cities with high transportation and costs. The sales price of the products can reach several times the production cost together with the intermediation, transportation and warehousing costs added above the production cost of the products. Fresh storage of vegetables and fruits is also a problem. Large amounts of vegetables and fruits are stored in large cities in warehouses or cold weather facilities, both because it is difficult to divide the traditional production process into different sowing days, and also because of the inefficient delivery of products harvested at different times to large cities at separate times.
All mentioned problems have started to decrease with the development of landless agriculture and later multi-tire and vertical farming methods. Although there are greenhouses produced in the city centers in the world with multi-tire agricultural techniques, such greenhouses are not widespread enough in our country. There are several areas in the city centers that are not financially suitable and suitable for residential and business investment or public use. Hotel, residential and office buildings, parking areas, warehouses and warehouses, sunlight basements, subway tunnels and subway stops are very suitable for city agriculture. Although there is not enough sunlight required for the plants to grow, these areas can be used efficiently for agricultural purposes by using LED lighting modules specially produced on a plant type basis. Thermal insulation of these areas can be achieved with high efficiency in different areas than greenhouses formed with plastic or glass material. With standard air conditioning solutions, the appropriate temperature value can be easily reached on a plant basis. High humidity generated as a result of plant production in closed and sunless areas is discharged with automation-controlled ventilation components. In traditional agricultural greenhouses, the cultivation area of multi-tire urban greenhouses can be designed from 3 to 6 tires depending on the height of the enclosed area.
One of the main objectives of ForFarming is to expand urban agriculture in our country and to ensure that urban people have access to fresh and high-quality vegetables and fruits at low cost.