13 Oct HYDROPONIC FARMING
Hydroponic farming systems have been used intensively in recent years. In traditional farming methods, the nutrients needed by the plants are taken from the soil by the plant. Due to the decrease in the amount of nutrients in consecutive sowing soil, fallow need arises, the need to cope with harmful organisms in the soil, the use of chemical drugs for the prevention of diseases such as agricultural activities carried out in the field or traditional greenhouses. In traditional agricultural greenhouses and fields, the water required for the plants is determined by the farmers and given to the plant. Most of the water is absorbed by the soil and cannot be reused.
This leads to the use of much more water than the plants need. The reasons such as the continuous decrease of the clean water resources in the world, the high water costs, and the use of the water purchased by the farmer only once are among the disadvantages of soiled agriculture.
Soil is not used for growing plants in hydroponic farming greenhouses. A base layer, such as rock wool, peat, coconut fiber, to which the plant roots can hold, is selected and the seed or seedling is placed in this layer. As the plant grows, the roots attach more to this layer.
All components such as nutrients and minerals needed by the plant are determined by agricultural engineers and appropriate nutrient and mineral quantities are determined on the basis of plant type and size and mixed into the water to be given to the plant. The pH and electrical conductivity values of the water / nutrient mixture given to the plants are measured regularly to determine whether the ambient conditions are suitable for the plant and the necessary precautions are taken.
One of the most important benefits of this technique is that it can be cultivated without soil even under external conditions which are not suitable for plant growing. Even in arable land, such as salt water zones, deserts, geothermal areas, ambient temperature and humidity can be adjusted to provide suitable conditions for the production of different plant varieties.
Hydroponic farming systems have higher yields compared to traditional agricultural systems because the environment values are measured regularly in hydroponic farming systems and all the components required for the plant can be controlled. hydroponic farming systems are more advantageous than traditional systems in terms of yield increase both in terms of the amount of product obtained in each harvest and in the number of harvests per year.
Hydroponic farming systems have some disadvantages. Planning and management of operational works such as procurement of plant sowing bases, supply of liquid / solid plant nutrients, cleaning and sterilization of planting areas after each harvest, short return on investment, low labor costs, high yield and control of plant growth processes hydroponic farming makes it a good investment and production tool.
Hydroponic farming is considered as an environmentally friendly method of agriculture, especially since water can be used more than once, soil disinfection is not required and pesticides harmful to nature are not used. Greenhouses can be made even less harmful to nature by ensuring that consumables such as planting area, greenhouse covers, water pipes are used in more than one harvest and the materials used are selected as soluble in nature. At ForFarming, we strive to create a sustainable landless agriculture system by using environmentally friendly products for as long as possible.