24 Jun IOT BASED SOIL-FREE AGRICULTURE
Every plant needs the necessary minerals to grow. The type and quantity of these minerals varies with each plant. In addition, existing environmental conditions also affect this development. Therefore, people have developed the greenhouse method to control adverse environmental conditions and obtain products at any time of the year. In agriculture in the field, we can give the plant requests through soil or irrigation. But we can’t control his environment. However, the problem of resting the soil also restricts us to obtain the desired product at any time. In order to control climate conditions, a greenhouse method has emerged. However, as a result of this, the climate is different from the normal, this affects the soil and the plants begin to be out of their normal course since they cannot get the minerals and other substances they get from the soil in time. We can give an example of the fact that the inside of the fruits or vegetables that we have received is not immature. Soilless agriculture, if defined in detail, is the name given to plant growing in any growing environment without soil.
The advantage of soilless agriculture is that the plant grows and is under control compared to the greenhouse system in the soil. That is to eliminate the plant’s braking system. Reasons for choosing soilless agriculture; soil loss, soil fatigue, weed problems and water, fertilizer, medicine, such as the most ideal use of inputs can be listed as. Growing strawberries indoors in the middle of winter has become possible thanks to smart agricultural lighting. Thanks to the LEDs that can be adjusted at the desired wavelength, agricultural products with the desired characteristics are grown. Plants are growing five times faster and naturally, with systems with an ideal climate created with intelligent agricultural lighting and a water tank. In addition, since the system is closed, plants can be grown cleanly on the bench without pollution.
Thanks to intelligent agricultural lighting, agricultural products are developing rapidly and saving energy. Intelligent agricultural lighting can produce different wavelength of light and the desired color and energy light can be adjusted according to our growing preferences. For example, with daylight and red LED light, many fruits and flowers are grown more efficiently, with white LED fast growth and blue LED high yield growth. In addition, IoT is not the exact equivalent of the term vertical landless agriculture which is a very popular concept in this period. In other words, it can accommodate the concept of landless agriculture at home or industrial. So what is this vertical farming? Vertical farming is an innovative farming method where food is no longer produced in fields or farms but in closed environments such as laboratories, with less labor and less cost. The major benefits of this method are that it reduces water and pesticide costs to zero. It is also possible to buy crops all year round. However, it occupies several times less space than normal agriculture and does not require transport from farm to city. This method can be applied in both homes and apartments and even in your own small room.
Thanks to the combination of vertical agriculture with IoT, more products can be bought than the number of products that can be purchased from one acre of land, and practically unlimited products can be realized much healthier, more productive, without harming the environment and any animals. Thanks to IoT vertical agriculture, IoT supported technologies enable monitoring and researching of agricultural areas from phones and tablets. IoT vertical farming plans for data collection, processing, storage and dissemination as required to carry out the activities and functions of the plant. In agriculture, IoT vertical agriculture aims to maximize productivity. Since natural resources are used at the required level, the cost decreases.
Similarly, all the factors necessary for production with intelligent systems are analyzed and presented to the manufacturer simultaneously. In this way, waste of resources is prevented and quality products are produced. The producer is given the opportunity to manage and observe the products at his home, workplace and farm from a tablet or phone, reducing the labor force and creating efficient, fun, quality and natural production opportunities.