21 Dec What Are the Soilles Agriculture Methods
The population of the earth is rapidly increasing, as a result the demand for food also increases. Furthermore, humans expect to consume fruits and vegetables throughout the entire year. So, soilless farming became more important to supply this increasing demand. With the soilless farming, crop yields increased, and the environmental challenges became easy to cope with for the farming industry. In soilless farming, farmers don’t use chemicals like pesticides so the whole process is running environmentally friendly. That’s why soilless farming has also an important role in sustainability.
Below we summarize three of the most common soilless farming techniques:
Hydroponics is one of the oldest soilless farming techniques. It is a method of growing plants by using mineral nutrient solutions in a water solvent instead of soil. With this method, plants take all vitamins and minerals they need from the nutrient solutions. Thus, plants which are grown by this method are as nutritious as the plants which are grown with soil.
This is also a method of growing plants without soil. However, in aeroponics, plants are grown by using a mist filled with essential nutrients which are regularly sprayed on the roots of the plants. This system is %100 safe and important to sustainability by decreasing water usage significantly.
Aquaponics is another common soilless farming method. This method is a combination of aquaculture (raising aquatic animals such as fish, crayfish, snails, or prawns in tanks) and hydroponics. The nutrient-rich water from the fish tank provides a natural fertilizer for plants, and plants help to clean water for the fish.
All of these methods shape the future of farming. They save huge amounts of resources such as water and fertilizer, increase the crop’s yield and quality, and decrease the labor force while using less plant area. However, it is not easy to manage environmental conditions in these systems. Every condition such as pH, CO2, temperature, and humidity should be measured well and controlled regularly.
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